Israeli policy towards the peace process is usually portrayed as a clear-cut choice between right and left, hawk and dove, Likud and Labour. In contrast, this paper argues that there are actually four sub-cultures within the Israeli policy-making elite that have each constructed a distinct approach towards the question of 'land for peace' in the Palestinian context. Moving from right to left on the political spectrum, these are defined as: Ultra-Nationalism, Conservatism, Statism, and Progressivism. The fundamental difference between sub-cultures stems from their underlying orientation towards two dichotomies: universalism-particularism and realism-idealism. These orientations combine with political affiliation to bind each sub-culture together. In turn, these orientations also provide the basis for the definition of each sub-culture’s practical policy objectives and strategy.
Jonathan Rynhold, 'Re-conceptualising Israeli Approaches to ‘Land for Peace’ and the Palestinian Question since 1967' Israel Studies 6 (2), Summer 2001: 33-52